1. Heat oil in 12-qt stockpot over medium-high heat 1-3 minutes or until shimmering. Add carrots, celery, onion, pressed garlic and thyme to stockpot; cook and stir 1-2 minutes or until onion is translucent.
2. Add kale, stock, water, tomatoes and farro to stockpot; cook, uncovered, 5-6 minutes or until simmering. Reduce heat to medium-low. Cook, covered, 20-25 minutes or until farro is tender. Stir in beans, sugar, salt, and black pepper.
3. To serve, ladle soup into serving bowls. Top with Parmesan cheese; drizzle with remaining oil.